You must recognise the science of pruning to apprehend the parts of the tree and what each cut will do as it rises. A simple example of this is to recognise the difference between a fruit bud also called a fruit spur that will abide fruit and a leaf bud that will produce a leaf or branch that will not stand fruit. You can look at http://mattstreeservice-llc.com/matts-tree-service-links-resources so as to gain tree pruning services.
It is significant to know how the branch structure produces and the difference between a lateral branch, the main scaffolding, smaller side branches and water sprouts also called suckers.
Overall fruit tree pruning instructions:
- Prune in the winter when the trees are dormant. There are a few exemptions to this.
- Prune out all suckers or water sprouts – Suckers are the undeveloped shoots that cultivate at the base of the tree.
- Cut out all shattered or unhealthy branches.
- Cut out all intersecting branches.
- Cut out tapered crotches.
- Branches should be kept thin to permit sun and air movement for fruit ripening.
- Make pruning cuts just above and outward facing bud. In the spring this bud will cultivate away from the center of the tree.
- Always use sharp tools for clean cuts. Hand pruners for smaller branches, loppers for up to 1/2" cuts and a pruning saw for larger cuts.